Sherry Glied is Dean and Professor of Public Service at NYU’s Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service. Glied served as Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, where she oversaw a portfolio that spanned healthcare delivery, pharmaceuticals, health research, and human services policy, including assessments of evidence-based funding programs in home visiting and pregnancy prevention. She was Professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University’s School of Public Health, and served as Chair of the Department of Health Policy and Management. She has also served as Senior Economist for healthcare and labor market policy on the President’s Council of Economic Advisers under Presidents George H. Bush and Clinton, and participated in the Clinton Health Care Task Force. Glied holds a BA from Yale, an MA from the University of Toronto, and a PhD from Harvard, all in economics.
In the U.S., the key challenge for many households is housing affordability. Households paying more than one-half of a limited total income for rent have very little left over for food, transportation, education, and other critical expenses. And these rent burdens have only been growing. In 1960, fewer than one in four renters was rent-burdened (or paid more than 30 percent of their income on rent); today that fraction is nearly half.
A growing literature has documented the detrimental effects of housing instability (often generated by evictions and foreclosures) on health. Using the RealtyTrac foreclosure dataset, which includes information on every foreclosure action in the U.S. between 2006 and 2015, the research team will match foreclosures with Medicaid address data and follow units through the foreclosure process (from initial notification that a mortgage holder is behind on their payments through repossession by the lender).
Each day in the U.S. there are approximately half a million individuals detained while awaiting trial. This high rate of pretrial detention may be due both to the widespread use of monetary bail, and to the limited financial resources of most defendants. Less than 50 percent of defendants in the U.S. are able to post bail even when it is set at $5,000 or less. While some defendants are detained for only a few days, others are detained for the entire period prior to the final dispositions of their cases.
In many jurisdictions, offenders who commit relatively minor offenses are arrested and prosecuted to the full extent of the criminal law. Yet subjecting these offenders to pretrial detention, post-conviction incarceration, and searchable arrest and conviction records, may have hidden social costs.
In recent decades, the “broken windows” approach to policing has led several large U.S. cities to employ the proactive policing program known as “Stop, Question, and Frisk” (SQF). The New York City Police Department (NYPD) made over 5 million such stops between 2002 and 2016.
Late elementary school and middle school has long been seen as a critical point in child development, and several studies have shown that students experience a decline in performance when they transition from elementary to middle or middle to high school, and that they do not recover from these dips. Local school boards may choose to operate schools as K-8 combined elementary and middle schools or as K-5 elementary schools with separate middle schools, but little is known about how this structuring of grades might influence health outcomes or behavior.
Prior research suggests that universal pre-kindergarten programs can generate lifetime benefits, but the mechanisms generating these effects are not well understood. In 2014, New York City made all 4-year-old children eligible for universal pre-k programs that emphasized developmental and health screening. We examine the effect of this program on health outcomes.
Surprisingly little is known about how housing policy and neighborhood features impact health. This project will identify evidence-based housing policies to improve health, and develop a measure to understand the real-time impact of housing policy on health outcomes.
While transportation planning has not traditionally been linked to health, it affects health in various ways. This project will analyze policies around transportation-associated access to health care, develop a transportation-related project to reduce injuries and mortality, assess the affects that access to cycling has on health, and develop measures of transportation-sensitive health conditions.
Kai Hong, Kacie Dragan, and Sherry Glied from P4A's NYU Wagner Research Hub published a paper in the Journal of Health Economics exploring the health impacts of New York City’s 2014 roll-out of a Universal Pre-Kindergarten program.